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This article analyzes how Byzantine historians utilized and reinterpreted classi

This article analyzes how Byzantine historians utilized and reinterpreted classical sources to create narratives that legitimized and celebrated the Byzantine Empire. It discusses the adaptive techniques employed by historians, such as modifying classical stories, incorporating Christian values, and contextualizing historical events in light of Byzantine political and religious ideologies. The significance of classical education in shaping the intellectual and political elites of Byzantium is highlighted, showing its impact on the interpretation of the past. The article provides a detailed examination of the works of prominent Byzantine historians, including Procopius of Caesarea, Michael Psellos, and Anna Komnena, showcasing their methods of working with ancient texts. Examples are analyzed to demonstrate how Byzantine historiography used classical literary models to construct historical narratives that reinforced ideas of imperial majesty, divine right to rule, and the unity of the Christian empire. Methodology:
The article employs an interdisciplinary approach, combining methods from literary analysis, historical analysis, and philological analysis to examine the reception of classical sources in Byzantine historiography. The research is based on a critical review of original Byzantine historical texts, including those by Procopius of Caesarea, Michael Psellos, and Anna Komnena. The methodological framework includes:
Literary Analysis:
Identification and interpretation of classical literary models, such as narrative structures, motifs, and rhetorical styles.
Comparison with original Greek and Roman texts to determine the extent and nature of adaptations.
Historical Analysis:
Contextualization of historical narratives concerning the political and religious realities of the Byzantine Empire.
Examination of the propagandistic and didactic purposes these texts served in their respective periods.
Philological Analysis:
In-depth linguistic analysis of texts, considering linguistic changes and adaptations that reflect the reception and reinterpretation of classical sources.
Use of textual criticism tools to understand how Byzantine authors interpreted and transformed classical texts.
Comparative Studies:
Comparison of Byzantine historiography with classical historiography and other historical traditions to understand the unique features and contributions of Byzantium to the historiographical heritage.
By employing this comprehensive approach, the article aims to demonstrate how Byzantine historians not only preserved but also transformed classical heritage, creating narratives that addressed the needs and aspirations of their time.

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